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Therapy for children and adolescence

child looking sad because she needs therapy
Tracey Brittain Therapy


Child therapy, often interchangeably referred to as child counselling, is a specialised area of psychology focused on addressing the mental and emotional needs of children and adolescents. This therapeutic approach provides a safe space for young individuals to express their feelings, understand their emotions, and develop effective coping mechanisms.

The Benefits of Child Therapy

The benefits of child therapy are manifold - from improved behaviour and academic performance to enhanced self-esteem and resilience.

Meet Tracey Brittain: A Leading Child Therapist

An instrumental figure in the field of child therapy is Tracey Brittain, a highly skilled and renowned therapist. Her professional credentials include accreditation from both the British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). She lecturers at the universities of Middlesex and Metanoia teaching aspiring would be therapists on their craft. Tracey is one of the key EMDR therapists at Shooting Stars as well as having her own private practise in Weybridge. Currently, she is deepening her expertise by pursuing a doctorate. With her extensive knowledge and compassionate approach, Tracey Brittain offers valuable support to children and their families navigating mental health concerns.

Identifying the Need for Child Therapy

Child therapy is incredibly helpful, but it can be challenging to know when it's needed. One of the main difficulties is recognizing signs that indicate a child may benefit from therapy. It's crucial to understand that children's mental health problems don't always show up in the same way as they do in adults.

How to Spot Potential Issues

There are various signs and symptoms that might suggest a child could benefit from therapy. Some of these signs include:

●      Feeling sad or hopeless for an extended period

●      Significant changes in eating or sleeping habits

●      Regular outbursts of intense anger

●      Trouble focusing or paying attention

●      Sudden drop in academic performance without any apparent cause

●      Withdrawing from friends or activities they used to enjoy

●      Frequently complaining about physical problems like headaches or stomach-aches

●      Developing harmful behaviours such as self-harm or disordered eating patterns

While these signs don't automatically mean a child has a mental health problem, they do indicate that something may be going on.

The Role of Parents and Teachers

Parents and teachers play critical roles in identifying potential issues. As adults who interact with the child daily, they're often in the best position to notice any changes in behaviour, mood, or school performance.

Tips for Parents:

●      Keep communication lines open with your child and talk about their day-to-day experiences.

●      Pay attention to any significant shifts in their behavior or emotions.

●      Watch out for sudden changes in their friendships or interests.

●      Seek professional advice if you have concerns about their well-being.

Tips for Teachers:

●      Observe how the child behaves in the classroom environment.

●      Take note of any significant changes in their academic performance or social interactions.

●      Compare their behavior with that of their peers to see if there are any notable differences.

●      Communicate with the child's parents if you have any concerns.

Both parents and teachers should approach this process with empathy and understanding. If they have concerns, they can consider reaching out to professionals who specialise in child mental health.

In this process, the expertise of child therapists like Tracey Brittain can be invaluable. Her BACP and UKCCP accreditation and ongoing doctorate study equip her with the knowledge necessary to accurately assess children's mental health.

It's important to make sure that children who need help get the support they require, but it's also essential to remember that therapy isn't a one-size-fits-all solution. Each child's needs are unique, and therapy should be tailored accordingly.

Different Types of Child Therapy

When considering therapy for children and adolescents, it is essential to understand the various approaches available. Each type of therapy offers unique benefits and may be more suitable for particular cases. Here, we explore six common forms of therapy utilized to support the mental health and emotional well-being of young individuals.

Play Therapy

Play therapy is a modality where play is used as a medium for children to express their feelings, thoughts, and experiences in a natural and self-guided process. It is particularly effective for:

●      Young children aged 3 to 12 years, who may not have the language skills to articulate their emotions and experiences.

●      Those experiencing trauma, grief, or family issues, as they can work through complex feelings in a safe environment.

●      Enhancing social skills and emotional regulation through interactive play scenarios.

Therapists observe how children use play and sometimes participate to help guide the healing process. Toys, games, and activities are carefully selected to encourage expression and cognitive processing of emotions.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) focuses on identifying and altering negative thought patterns that influence behavior. CBT is particularly beneficial for:

●      Children with anxiety disorders, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).

●      Addressing specific phobias or fears through exposure and response prevention.

●      Teaching coping strategies that children can apply in real-life situations.

CBT involves structured sessions where therapists help children build a toolkit of skills to challenge dysfunctional thinking and change their behavioral responses.

Family Therapy

In family therapy, the dynamics within the family unit are addressed as part of the child's therapeutic process. This approach is optimal when:

●      Issues stem from family conflict or significant life transitions affecting the entire family.

●      There is a need to improve communication between family members.

●      The goal is to resolve patterns of behavior within the family that impact the child negatively.

Therapists work with multiple family members together to foster understanding, support, and collaborative problem-solving.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) is a short-term treatment often used for depression in adolescents. It helps by:

●      Focusing on interpersonal issues that contribute to depression, such as unresolved grief or relationship conflicts.

●      Building social skills to improve peer relationships and support networks.

●      Assisting adolescents in navigating transitions like changing schools or parental divorce.

IPT provides adolescents with tools to better manage their social interactions and relationships, which can significantly impact their mood and affect.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) incorporates concepts of mindfulness and acceptance. Key aspects include:

●      Supporting adolescents with borderline personality disorder, self-harm behaviours, or suicidal ideation.

●      Teaching skills in four primary areas: mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness.

●      Group sessions complement individual therapy by providing peer support and reinforcement of learned skills.

DBT aims at creating a balance between change and acceptance, thereby helping adolescents learn healthy ways to cope with stress and regulate emotions.

Group Therapy

Group therapy involves therapeutic sessions with multiple individuals who share similar issues or experiences. It serves well in scenarios such as:

●      Providing peer support for those dealing with common issues like bullying or substance abuse.

●      Enhancing social interaction skills among peers in a controlled setting.

●      Allowing children to see they are not alone in their struggles, fostering a sense of community.

Through group interactions, participants develop communication skills and learn from one another's experiences under the guidance of a therapist.

The Role of Parents in Supporting Child Therapy

The Involvement of parents in child therapy is a pivotal element that can significantly influence the effectiveness of treatment. When parents engage actively in the therapeutic process, they not only create a supportive environment but also reinforce the skills and coping strategies learned during therapy sessions.

Importance of Parental Involvement

●      Enhances Therapeutic Outcomes: Active parental participation has been associated with improved therapeutic outcomes. Children often look to their parents for guidance and when they see their primary caregivers involved, they are more likely to take the process seriously.

●      Consistency Across Environments: By understanding the goals of therapy, parents can help maintain consistency between what is practiced in sessions and what happens at home or school.

●      Building Trust: Parents who collaborate with therapists can foster a sense of trust and security in their children, which is crucial for them to open up about their feelings and experiences.

Strategies for Parental Support

To support their child's progress outside of therapy sessions, parents can employ various strategies:

○      Parent Training: Attend workshops or training sessions that provide insight into specific therapeutic techniques used with your child.

○      Learn about behaviour management strategies that align with your child's therapy goals.

○      Communication with Therapists: Regularly discuss your child’s progress with the therapist to stay informed and adjust strategies as needed.

○      Share observations from home that might help the therapist better understand your child's needs.

○      Creating a Supportive Home Environment: Establish routines and structure that mirror the stability provided during therapy sessions.

○      Ensure your home atmosphere is nurturing and patient, acknowledging that growth takes time.

○      Reinforcement Techniques: Use positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviours as suggested by the therapist.

○      Implement consistent consequences for inappropriate behaviour, ensuring they are fair and understood by your child.

○      Modelling Behaviour: Demonstrate healthy coping mechanisms for managing stress or frustration.

○      Show empathy and active listening when your child communicates concerns or emotions.

○      Incorporating Therapeutic Play: Engage in recommended play activities that align with therapeutic objectives.

○      Be attentive to moments during play that may reflect progress or areas needing attention.

○      Educational Resources: Seek out books, articles, or online content to further understand your child’s developmental stage and specific challenges.

○      Stay informed about advancements in child therapy approaches relevant to your situation.

By taking these steps, parents can become an integral part of their children's healing journey, extending the benefits of therapy beyond the confines of the therapist's office and into everyday life experiences. With such a collaborative effort, children are better equipped to navigate challenges and continue their path toward holistic development.

Promoting Holistic Development: Integrating Therapy with Other Approaches

When addressing the complexity of children's mental health, incorporating holistic approaches alongside traditional therapy offers a multifaceted solution. These methods recognise the interconnectedness of the physical, emotional, and social aspects of a child's development.

Art/Music/Drama Therapy

●      Art Therapy: Utilising drawing, painting, and sculpting to express emotions nonverbally. It allows children who may struggle with verbal communication to manifest thoughts and feelings through creative work.

●      Music Therapy: Involves the use of music to facilitate positive changes in emotional well-being. Children engage with music by playing instruments, singing, or moving to the beat, which can improve social skills and emotional regulation.

●      Drama Therapy: This approach uses role-play, storytelling, and improvisation as therapeutic interventions. It helps children explore their lives and express themselves in a safe, structured environment.

Each modality provides unique benefits:

●      Encourages self-expression and communication

●      Enhances self-esteem and confidence

●      Aids in developing coping strategies for difficult emotions

●      Fosters creativity and imagination


Incorporating mindfulness into child therapy equips children with tools to manage anxiety and stress. Mindfulness practices include:

●      Breathing exercises

●      Guided imagery

●      Mindful movement such as yoga or tai chi

These techniques help children by:

●      Enhancing focus and concentration

●      Promoting emotional regulation

●      Increasing awareness of the present moment

●      Developing resilience

Integrating these complementary methods into a child's therapeutic journey not only enriches the treatment plan but also empowers them with a variety of skills to navigate challenges. Therapists like Tracey Brittain are adept at tailoring these holistic approaches to fit each child’s unique needs, ensuring that therapy is a comprehensive experience that supports all facets of a child’s growth.


Children and trauma therapy

Children may at times have trauma. Techniques to address this depends upon the nature of how the child has internalised the trauma. Techniques can include EMDR, Brainspotting, & Havening.


Prioritising children's mental health and seeking appropriate therapy has been the undercurrent throughout this discussion. Child and Adolescence therapy isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution, but rather a tailored approach to help children navigate their unique issues.

Being proactive in acknowledging and addressing emotional or behavioral changes in children can set the foundation for healthier future adults. Parents, teachers, and caregivers play a crucial role in this process, from identifying the need for intervention to supporting the child through their therapeutic journey.

Seeking Guidance from a Child Therapy Expert

When it comes to finding the right support, it is essential to seek guidance from professionals who specialise in child therapy. One such expert is Tracey Brittain, a highly reputable child therapist with accreditations from both BACP and UKCCP. She is currently pursuing a doctorate, adding to her extensive experience in the field.

For those searching for 'child therapy near me' or 'children therapist near me', Tracey Brittain offers expert guidance to help your child navigate their emotional landscape. Not only does she have the professional qualifications, but her commitment to promoting holistic development integrates additional beneficial approaches like art, music, drama therapy, and mindfulness.

The message then is clear: If you observe signs that your child may benefit from therapeutic intervention, don't hesitate. Reach out to professionals like Tracey Brittain who are dedicated to helping children thrive.





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